Things to do in Prague – 50 Best Places to Visit!
There are countless Things to do in Prague! I lived 8 years in Prague which is quite enough to find all the best places that Prague has to offer. It is not possible to visit them all in one day, nor in three days, but you would need at least a week or more to explore these places with peace of mind.
There was no single day I would be bored in this city. It’s so nice, cute and popular that I suppose it is the most beautiful city in the world (maybe just after Venice). What do you think? Here is the ultimate Prague guide with a list of 47 Things to do in Prague including its Best Places to Visit!
Things to do in Prague – Best Places to Visit
1. State Opera
Although I have never visited this monumental building I passed by several times as this is close to the main railway station as well as Wenceslas Square.
State Opera was built in 1888 as a New German Theater and if you wish to see some of the best operas this is the best place to go in Prague.
2. Wenceslas Square
Wenceslas Square is one of the largest squares in all of the Czech Republic. It is a traditional place of celebrations, demonstrations and public meetings.
It was a place of many historic moments and is also considered as one of the symbols of Czech statehood.
3. Czech National Museum
At the top of Wenceslas Square is the main building of the Czech National Museum. It contains fascinating exhibits and stuffed animals and presents. The National Museum houses almost 14 million items from the area of natural history, history, arts, music and librarianship, located in tens of buildings.
During the World War II, it was destroyed by a bomb, but the collections survived. So, if you are a connoisseur of mineralogy, palaeontology, botany and mycology or if you just want to spend some time admiring the extensive exhibits on the history of theatre, for instance, this is something you should visit for sure!
4. Old Town Square (Staromestske Namesti)
The Old Town Square is one of the must-see places for all tourists visiting Prague. It is the oldest and the most important square in Prague.
It is one of the most beautiful squares in Europe and has always been a busy marketplace at the crossroads of European trade routes.
No wonder that this is one of the Czech Republic’s greatest attractions. Every day it brings hundreds of people and charms them with the scary looking Gothic Tyn Church and the world famous astronomical clock.
On the square you can also visit an exhibition of Salvadore Dali and, of course, enjoy the magnificent ancient-looking buildings.
5. Old Town Hall and Astronomical Clock (Orloj)
Every hour crowds of tourists gather in front of Old Town Hall at Old Town Square to watch Apostles and other sculptures moving on the astronomical clock, known as Orloj. It was installed in 1410 and it is the third-oldest astronomical clock in the world. It is interesting that there are only a few people who can actually repair it.
605 years old Astronomical Clock for centuries flawlessly not only shows the time and date, but also the position of the sun, phases of the moon, astronomical cycles and festivals of the Christian calendar.
6. Charles Bridge (Karluv Most)
If you really want to sink into the atmosphere of the city, Charles bridge is one of the places you have to see. With its 621 meters length and 10 meters width, it offers one of the greatest and most memorable landscapes of Prague.
There are 30 baroque statues, which will take you on a trip back in time. Among the most notable sculptures you can find statuaries of St. Luthgard, the Holy Crucifix and Calvary.
Throughout its history, the Charles Bridge suffered several disasters and witnessed many historic events, but today its unique history and architecture welcome visitors from all over the world.
Charles Bridge is the oldest bridge connecting the banks of the Vltava river. Its construction began in 1357 and was finished in 1402. You can find more about this bridge in the Museum of Charles bridge on one of its ends.
If you want to see the Charles bridge as it looks like from above, check these pictures in our article about Prague as seen from the Charles Bridge Towers.
7. Old Town Bridge Tower
Old Town Bridge Tower is one of the most impressive Gothic works in the world. Tower, along with the bridge was built by Emperor Charles IV.
From its top, you can enjoy some of the most beautiful views of Charles bridge with Prague castle above it.
8. Lesser Town Bridge Tower
On the other end of Charles bridge, you will see Lesser Town Bridge Tower which also offers amazing views of Prague.
It was built in the 15th century and served as a warehouse and a fire watchtower. The tower is 43.5 meters high and should probably have rich sculptural decoration but niches finally remained empty.
9. Prague Zoo
There is probably no tourist who wouldn’t want to visit Prague’s most visited attraction – Prague ZOO. It is considered to be one of the best zoos in the world.
It is open daily from 9 am and its Indonesian jungle, Sea lions exposition, Monkey Island, elephants, as well as the Gorillas pavilion, are some of the most popular zoo’s attractions. Here you will need to reserve at least one day.
10. Botanical garden
Located not far from Prague Zoo is another natural gem of Prague – Botanical garden. It includes very nice Japan garden and also offer great views of Prague and nearby Troja castle.
You can sit here and relax for a while in one of the many benches. Botanical gardens are located in Troja district of Prague.
11. Fata Morgana Tropical greenhouse
One of the biggest attractions of Botanical garden is its huge Fata Morgana Tropical greenhouse situated next to the Botanical gardens in Troja district.
If you want to see how tropical forest looks like in the middle of Europe, then there is no better place than Fata morgana greenhouse in Prague. It is open all year round from Tuesday to Sunday.
12. Prague Castle (Pražský hrad)
Seen from every corner of Prague and majestically towering on the hill above the city, Prague Castle is one of the largest castle complexes in the world at about 570 meters in length and an average of about 130 meters wide.
With thousands of tourists that visit the castle every day, Prague castle is also the most visited historical site in the Czech Republic.
With St. Vitus Church and The Golden Lane, Prague Castle is again one of the most attractive places in the capital.
Other highlights within the castle complex include the Old Royal Palace, which has excellent historic and architectural displays, Basilica of St George, the Lobkowicz Palace. It takes a few hours to enjoy a trip around the castle. But it is definitely worth the time!
13. St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle
The buildings of the large complex of Prague Castle represent all architectural styles of the last millennium.
Its dominant building is St. Vitus Cathedral which is also the resting place of many Czech kings and a home to the Czech coronation jewels.
14. Golden Lane in Prague Castle
Small houses on one of the most picturesque places in Prague can be seen in Golden Lane – one of the most visited parts of Prague Castle.
Its beauty attracted and inspired variety of writers and visual artists, the writer Franz Kafka even lived here.
15. Lobkowicz Palace
Lobkowicz Palace in the Prague Castle is still owned by an ancient manor family of Lobkowicz. Now it serves as a family museum, which is unique not only in the Czech Republic but also throughout Europe.
Lobkowicz Palace is a winner of the TripAdvisor ratings in the category of “Museums in Prague” for 2015 and 2016. It is home to the highly valued Lobkowicz’s collections, the oldest and largest private collections in the Czech Republic.
16. Lesser Town (Mala Strana)
Lesser Town is one of the oldest and most impressive parts of Prague. It contains a large number of notable buildings and other interesting places.
It is right here where you can find popular Kampa with Čertovka river, Lesser Town Square with St. Nicholas church, Maltese Square, Újezd with a funicular railway to Petrin hill, Štefánik Observatory and a large complex of gardens, including Kinsky gardens, Petrin or Schönborn gardens.
17. Kampa Park – Venice of Prague
The small romantic island of Kampa on the River Vltava offers picturesque houses, ancient history as well as a park and nice square that is often a place of festivals.
The group of houses, which Čertovka flows through, is known as the Venice of Prague.
18. St Nicholas Church
St Nicholas Church is the most famous Baroque church in Prague situated in the middle of the Lesser Town Square.
It is considered the most beautiful building of Czech baroque. You should enter this Prague’s gem and also climb up to its bell tower, which offers impressive views of Prague.
19. Petřín Hill and watch tower
Petřín Tower is a landmark above Prague’s old centre and can be seen on the hill next to Prague Castle. It is one of the most popular places in Prague not only for tourists but also for the city residents.
Its surrounding is an ideal place for walks and picnics and during the spring there are nice rose gardens.
Petřín Tower is a small version of the Eiffel Tower and can be easily seen from almost every part of the city. Petrin Hill offers fascinating views such as Strahov Monastery, 14th century Hunger wall and a memorial of the victims, suffered during the Communist regime.
It is literally the highest point of the capital and if you are interested in going there, we must warn you, that it will take around an hour to go up there. But it will worth every step!
20. Wallenstein Palace Gardens
If you want to merge sightseeing with some natural places than Wallenstein Palace Gardens would be ideal.
Czech early Baroque Wallenstein Garden can be found on the grounds of the Wallenstein Palace in Lesser Quarter in Prague. The place is the seat of the Czech Senate. Garden has become a pleasant place to relax often enhanced with some great cultural events.
21. Vrtba Garden
Vrtba Gardens are one of the most attractive and beautiful Baroque gardens in Prague. It is an Italian style baroque garden created already in 1715.
It is included in UNESCO World Heritage List and is accessible from Karmelitská street old-timey the Lesser Quarter.
22. Nerudova Street
The main street that leads from Lesser Quarter up to Prague Castle is Nerudova street. On every step, you can meet here with memories, life stories and literary works of prominent Czech poet and journalist Jan Neruda.
23. The Powder Tower (Prašná brána) and Municipal House (Obecní Dům)
Powder Tower is one of the most important monuments of medieval Prague. Its construction started in 1475 and was a part of the Prague city fortification system.
Adjacent to the Powder Tower is 100 years old Municipal House known as Obecní Dům. The large building hides concert hall, cafeteria and excellent French restaurant.
24. National Theater
If you’re a culture lover then you should definitely not miss a visit to one of the performances of the National Theatre. You can choose from opera, drama or ballet.
The National Theatre was opened on 11 June 1881 to honour the visit of Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria.
25. Jewish quarter Josefov
Josefov is the smallest quarter of Prague. Until 1850 Josefov was called the Jewish Town and even earlier the Jewish ghetto. Today it is the best preserved complex of Jewish monuments in Europe.
Step into this part of Prague and explore Jewish Town Hall, Old Jewish cemetery and six synagogues.
26. Letná Park with great views of Prague
Letná Park is one of the largest parks in Prague. It was created on the hill above Vltava river already in the late 19th century.
Now it offers pleasant walk with panoramic views of Prague’s old town, castle and the bridges over Vltava river.
27. Church of Our Lady Victorious – Holy Child of Prague
Carmelite Church of Our Lady Victorious is a home to the world-famous statue of the Infant Jesus of Prague. The church is a cultural and historical monument of world importance.
The church is located in Lesser Quarter and is a must-see place to all believers.
28. Troja Palace and gardens
Troja Palace is one of the most beautiful baroque palaces in the country. It was built in the 17th century.
Adjacent to the palace is a large and well-maintained French garden with terracotta vases.
29. The Loretto (Loreta)
A remarkable complex situated in Hradčany district, The Loretto is a place of pilgrimage already for more than 300 years.
It was built in the 17th century few steps from the Prague Castle.
High cliff above the Vltava river with its dark silhouette of two slender towers, is the inherent part of the Prague landscape.
Vyšehrad grew up as the fortified settlement already in the 10th century and now offers pleasant walks with great views of Prague and Vltava river.
31. The Strahov Monastery
The Strahov Monastery was established in Prague in 1140. It is the oldest Premonstratensian monastery in the Czech Republic and is considered one of the most valuable monastery collections in central Europe.
The monastery now houses Museum of Czech Literature where you can visit some of its most beautiful rooms such as Strahov Library or Theological Hall.
32. Stromovka park
Stromovka is a large park in Prague that covers an area of 95 hectares. It is used by many Prague residents for recreational, sporting, cultural and educational purposes.
33. Jerusalem Synagogue
Jerusalem Synagogue of Emperor Franz Joseph was built as a replacement for the demolished synagogue after the demolition of the Prague ghetto. It is the youngest and largest synagogue of Prague’s Jewish community.
The building is an interesting mixture of Art Nouveau and Moorish styles.
34. Kinský Garden (Zahrada Kinských)
Right in the middle of Prague you can visit another natural gem – Kinský Garden. It is a large garden with a waterfall, palace and some playgrounds for children.
It is also the only place where you can see the old wooden church that was brought here from Ukraine.
35. Prague Sea World (Mořský svět)
With a total of 360 animal species, the Prague Sea World is the largest aquarium in the Czech Republic. It is a permanent exhibition of marine, but also freshwater fish and other animals.
This unique exhibition was opened in 2002 and contain 260,000 litres of water and 50 aquariums. Its largest aquarium has a capacity of 100,000 litres and is home to sharks – the main attraction of the Sea World.
36. Rašín’s waterfront
Rašín’s waterfront is a quiet place in the centre of Prague. It would be a mistake not to take a walk along the Vltava river also on its right side.
You can watch or feed the swans, relax on the bench and watch the sailing Prague boats or admire some of the most beautiful views of Prague, river and its castle.
37. Clementinum – second largest complex in Prague
The monumental complex of Clementinum is the second largest complex in Prague (after that of Prague Castle). It was always a living center of learning and culture.
It is a home to the National Library already for more than 200 years. There are kept the most valuable manuscripts and all the books published in the Czech Republic since 1807.
Baroque library hall in Clementinum, Best Places to Visit in Prague, The Czech Republic by Bruno Delzant
38. Toulcův Dvůr
Now let’s go to one of the Prague’s suburb – Hostivař. Here is the large domesticated animal farm with a complex of historical buildings (Gothic granary, Baroque stable) known as Toulcův Dvůr.
It is the large area covering 10 hectares and includes orchard, field, meadow, riparian forest and wetland. It is very nice especially in spring when the cherry blossom trees are in full bloom.
39. Kingdom of Railways
Come and see the amazing world of the railways in the Kingdom of Railways! Hundreds of meters of tracks, dozens of model trains and model cars, models of important buildings and places in the Czech Republic.
Enjoy the unique atmosphere of the alternation of day and night in the greatest model railway in the Czech Republic!
40. U Fleků Restaurant
U Fleků is definitely one of the most visited pubs in the Czech Republic and is without a doubt the best-known pub in Prague.
It is popular mainly among tourists and you will barely find some locals here, but its original old-times atmosphere and culinary experience make this a hot spot in Prague.
U Fleků restaurant, Things to do in Prague, The Czech Republic / Photo by Bruce Tuten
41. Narrowest street in Prague
Prague nameless alley leading from the street U Lužického semináře to the garden restaurant Čertovka is the narrowest street in Prague. It so narrow that it has to be controlled by a traffic light.
The alley is only about 50 centimetres wide so if you are wider do not risk and rather avoid visiting this restaurant.
42. Watching airplanes at Prague airport
If you like watching airplanes, then it would be a good idea to get onto some of the few watching terraces around Prague airport. Probably the best one is that in Kněževes from which you will be able to admire airplanes landing or taking off just a few meters from you.
43. Zbraslav Chateau
Now let’s go to one of farther parts of Prague, Zbraslav Chateau. Although you will likely be alone here, it is quite a nice place to explore and walk around if you have some more time to spend in Prague. This Prague’s district is a quiet place and you will feel like miles away from busy Prague.
Zbraslav Chateau, Things to do in Prague, Czech Republic by Zdeněk Fiedler
44. Dendrological Garden in Čestlice
Just 1 kilometre from Prague’s borders you can find the natural park at its best – Dendrological Garden. Well-maintained park with ponds and old trees, flowers and other plants is a great tip for a quiet and relaxing day.
45. Aquapalace Prague
If you are looking for some funny and adventurous attractions in Prague, then visiting the biggest aquapark in central Europe would be your choice. Aquapalace Prague is located near the entrance to Dendrological Garden, so after watching some flowers you can go swimming.
Aquapalace Prague, Things to do in Prague, The Czech Republic by GMF AQUAPARK PRAGUE, a.s.
46. Průhonice Chateau and Park
Průhonice Chateau is one of the most beautiful places to visit around Prague. Situated around 2 kilometers from Prague borders, this place is very popular among Prague residents. The park that is adjacent to the chateau is one of the largest in the Czech Republic.
47. Prague – Kolovraty
There are many wonderful places in Prague and these can be found even in the Prague’s suburbs or its other parts. One such village that already belongs to Prague is Kolovraty, where I lived 2 years.
The village is nothing you would want to visit on a short trip to Prague, but if you stay here longer, you can walk here through the many walking paths around the village. And if you come here in early summer, then you will be pleased with such a beauty all around.
48. Kranner’s fountain
Whenever I walked from the city centre along the Vltava river promenade I always passed one fountain on the way. Situated near quite a busy road I have never stopped by. What a shame!
Kranner’s fountain, also known as Monument of Francis I, Emperor of Austria was built by architect Josef Ondřej Kranner in 1845-1850. It was supposed to celebrate the Habsburg rule. And it is very interesting and nice with lots of sculptures!
49. Dancing house
Although I am not a big fan of this site, Dancing House (Tančící dům) is definitely one of the most famous buildings in Prague. And should not be missing here!
Dancing House was designed by Croatian architect Vlado Milunić together with American architect Frank O. Gehry. The building houses offices, a luxury restaurant and cafe and its construction was completed in 1996.
50. Your tip
Anything missing? Let me know below in the comments so that I can add it onto the list!
This was the list of Things to do in Prague that should serve as the ultimate Prague guide mapping all the best places to visit in this beautiful city. If you liked Prague, I am sure you will like the rest of Czech Republic, read 30 of the Most Beautiful Cities and Towns in the Czech Republic.
As being one of the most visited cities in Europe, Prague combines history and modernism, romantic streets, paved with cobblestones and breathtaking architecture.
So, if you are planning your next holiday, if you are keen on sightseeing and want to experience an unforgettable vacation – this is your city!
All pictures were taken by Julius (if not stated differently).